Oxford University scientists have used infra-red technology to open up a hoard of ancient papyri which could potentially reveal hundreds of lost Greek poems, tragedies and plays and bring about a ‘second Renaissance’.The collection, known as the ‘Oxyrhynchus Collection’ is the largest collection of classical manuscripts in the world. It contains over 800 boxes with more than 400,000 papyrus fragments. It is now stored in Oxford’s own Sackler library where specialists are applying the new, cutting edge imagery technology to reveal lost works by classical authors including Sophocles, Euripides, Hesiod and Lucian. The works of Sophocles, the giant of the golden age of Greek civilisation, are particularly sought after. The potential to decipher more of his works is eagerly anticipated by classicists around the world.The Oxyrhynchus Collection was excavated in the late 19th Century by members of the Egypt Exploration Society. When they were uncovered in a rubbish tip in the city, the papyri were worthless to the naked eye. They were worm-eaten and corroded. The condition in which they were found meant that since the collection was transported to Britain more than a hundred years ago (often in biscuit tins) the process of decipherment has been painfully slow.Professor Parsons of Christ Church, who has been wrestling with the Oxyrhynchus Collection for more than forty years explains, “for a long time we have been photographing the fragments by infra-red or ultra-violet light to bring up traces of ink.” Now scientists at Oxford, in collaboration with specialists from Bringham Young University in Utah, have begun applying multi-spectral imaging techniques developed from satellite technology to illegible sections of the papyri. “Multi-spectral imaging is going to produce the best results yet, since it combines digital imaging (so that the images can be enhanced by a computer) with the whole spectrum of light wave-lengths.”As the director of the Oxyrhynchus project, Dr Dirk Obbink toldCherwell that the development is “a significant discovery in that it will broaden the already substantial base of lost Greek and Latin Literature and writing in general that we have represented in the Oxyrhynchus Papyri collection in the Sackler, and in papyrus collections around the world.”When it has all been read (mainly in Greek, but also in Latin, Hebrew and other languages) up to five million new words will be added to the current body of classical works. Texts deciphered over the past week will be published next month by the Egypt Exploration Society, which owns the collection after financing its discovery over a century ago.In the past, substantial difficulties have been encountered in reading and interpreting damaged papyrus on many important projects. The Philodemus project at Herculaneum yielded several hundred rolls of text charred by the volcanic flow of Vesuvius, compressed by the weight of rubble and mud and congealed by water. Now multi-spectral techniques also promise to help retrieve this extensive library of Epicurean philosophy from the first century B.C. Classicists even believe that they are likely to be able to find and decipher lost Christian gospels, which were written at approximately the same time as the New Testament.ARCHIVE: 0th week 2005
Gov. Wolf, Sec. of Health Outline COVID-19 Mitigation Guidance for Montgomery County, Commonwealth of Pennsylvania SHARE Email Facebook Twitter March 12, 2020 Press Release, Public Health Governor and Secretary of Health Take Aggressive Action to Stop SpreadGovernor Tom Wolf and Secretary of Health Dr. Rachel Levine this afternoon provided an update on the state’s COVID-19 mitigation efforts, including one new presumptive positive case in Pike County, bringing the state’s total to 22, and guidance on how to reduce the spread of the virus.“In Montgomery County, we are aggressively moving to a mitigation phase, and statewide we are providing guidance to help slow the spread of the COVID-19 virus,” said Gov. Wolf.The governor provided applicable guidance to reduce the spread of the virus in the state over the next 14 days, specifically for commonwealth facilities and public buildings in Montgomery County, which with 13 cases has the most presumptive positive cases in the state.Guidance for Montgomery County and the Commonwealth of PennsylvaniaApplicabilityThe following guidance will be in place starting tomorrow, March 13, for fourteen days.We will evaluate our options throughout that period, and continue to communicate to you as we learn more.Montgomery CountyA no visitor policy will be implemented for correctional facilities, nursing homes, and others to be evaluated.Schools in Montgomery County will be closed starting tomorrow, as will child care centers licensed by the Commonwealth.Adult day care centers will be closed.Freedom of travel will remain, but the Governor and the Commonwealth ask all people to refrain from non-essential travel.Essential services will be available: police, fire, and emergency medical services, essential services for vulnerable populations.Supermarkets, pharmacies, and gas stations will remain open. The Governor and the Commonwealth recommends that non-essential retail facilities close.AMTRAK will begin operating a reduced schedule and the Ardmore stop will close to AMTRAK trains for two weeks, beginning tomorrow. The Wolf Administration is also working directly with SEPTA to evaluate potential impacts and will continue to provide service updates as things evolve.Commonwealth EmployeesThe Office of Administration will provide a message to all Commonwealth employees regarding those who work or live in Montgomery County.This includes individuals who live in Montgomery County and work in other counties and those who live in other counties and work in Montgomery County.Individuals will be instructed to work from home.The Commonwealth is authorizing a 10 workday paid absence for individuals who don’t have telework capabilities.Facilities that are in Montgomery County that are Commonwealth facilities and provide essential services will remain open.Facilities that are administered by Montgomery County will follow the same procedures as the county.StatewideThe Wolf Administration strongly encourages the suspension of large gatherings, events, conferences of 250 individuals or more.The Wolf Administration discourages individuals from traveling to recreational activities like gyms, movie theaters and shopping malls.The Wolf Administration encourages religious leaders to exercise discretion in order to mitigate the spread of illness.State correctional facilities and veterans homes have already introduced a statewide visitor ban to ensure the safety of inmates, residents, staff and visitors.COVID-19 Case Information UpdateThe Department of Health advised that the state now has 22 presumptive positive cases of COVID-19, including one new presumptive positive case in Pike County – an adult who is in isolation at home and who came in contact with someone from another state who tested positive for COVID-19.State presumptive positive totals as of 2 p.m. include:Montgomery County: 13Bucks County: 2Philadelphia County: 1Monroe County: 2Delaware County: 1Wayne County: 1Northampton: 1Pike County: 1The Department of Health stressed the role Pennsylvanians play in helping to reduce the spread of COVID-19:Wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds or use hand sanitizer if soap and water are not available.Cover any coughs or sneezes with your elbow, not your hands.Clean surfaces frequently.If you are sick, stay home until you are feeling better.Quotes from Governor Tom Wolf and Secretary Rachel Levine“I strongly encourage the statewide suspension of large gatherings, events, conferences of 250 individuals or more and discourage people from traveling to recreational activities such as gyms, movie theaters and shopping malls,” Gov. Wolf said. “And while people are free to travel, I ask that everyone refrain from non-essential travel. We all need to do our part to help stop the spread of the coronavirus. The time to do this is now. We cannot wait.”“Essential services in Montgomery County – police, fire, and emergency medical services, public transportation, essential services for vulnerable populations such as our facilities for people with intellectual disabilities and autism – will still be operational,” Gov. Wolf said. “Supermarkets, pharmacies, and gas stations will remain open, but we do recommend that non-essential retail facilities close.”“This situation is quickly evolving, even for us here at the Department of Health,” Dr. Levine said. “It can be overwhelming and scary to hear that you should stay home. Aside from practicing good health habits, we want you to practice good self-care to ensure your body is getting the proper nutrients from fruits, vegetables and getting enough sleep.”“As this situation evolves, we will continually update Pennsylvanians through our website, health.pa.gov, our Facebook page and our Twitter account,” Dr. Levine said. “It’s important to remember that the most accurate and timely information regarding this outbreak is available through the Department of Health.”Updated Coronavirus Links: Press Releases, State Lab Photos, GraphicsFor the daily COVID-19 Report, visit here.For all press releases regarding coronavirus, please visit here.Find the latest information on the coronavirus here.Photos of the state’s lab in Exton are available for download and use here.Coronavirus and preparedness graphics are available here near the bottom of the page: On.pa.gov/coronavirus
Richardson, though, sees no issue with whatever is asked by Fulham’s third manager of the season – so long as it produces the end result. “There were rumours going on about extra training, extra this and that, but I’ve found him spot on,” Richardson said in an interview with Sky Sports Soccer Saturday show. “I like to be worked hard to make me a better player and get my fitness up. “At the moment, we are bottom of the league, so whatever it takes to get out of that situation we are willing to do. “He has achieved so much as a player and a manager, so when he talks you listen to him.” Richardson added: “He has drummed that into us, to work harder as a team. “Individually, it is sometimes not enough and we realise we need to be together as a team and that is the only way we are going to get out of it.” Richardson, 29, was part of the West Brom side which pulled off a remarkable survival bid on the final day of the 2004/05 season. Midfielder Kieran Richardson maintains new Fulham manager Felix Magath can have his players “do whatever it takes” to keep the club in the Barclays Premier League. Press Association The former Manchester United midfielder sees no reason why Fulham cannot emulate that achievement as they prepare for Saturday’s west London derby against Chelsea at Craven Cottage. “We can do it and we all believe we can do it,” he said. “We are four points out of it at the moment, that is nothing too crazy, but as each game goes by, the chances get further away, so you need to pick up the points. “Teams on 28 points and below are still amongst it, all we have got to do is focus on Fulham and the next game.” The Cottagers are bottom of the table and four points adrift of safety after Saturday’s 1-1 draw at West Brom, which was Magath’s first game in charge since replacing Rene Meulensteen. German Magath brings with him a reputation of being a strict disciplinarian with tough training regimes, but ones which helped him win the Bundesliga title three times with two different clubs.