What Are Foreign Nationals Doing With Valid Liberian Voter Registration Cards?

first_imgOur Gbarpolu Correspondent, S. Micah Yeahwon, reported yesterday the arrest by security officers of the Liberia Immigration Service (LIS) in that county of three foreign nationals with Liberian Voter Registration Cards in their possession. The three are two Sierra Leoneans, Shirlef Ansu and  Passaway Nancy and a Guinean national, Kanneh Mohamed.The two Sierra Leoneans’ names already sound somewhat fictitious because we know, for example, of no Liberian surnamed Nancy, a female first or second name. And in Liberia we know of Sirleaf or Sheriff, not Shirlef.Another disturbing aspect of Correspondent Yeahwon’s story is what the LIS security officer told him, namely, that “if the suspects are investigated and found to be legally residing in the country, they will be free to go about their normal business; but if on the contrary, we will prosecute and deport them to their respective countries of origin.”That statement is very disturbing because it suggests that once a foreign resident, otherwise known as an alien, is in this country with a valid visa an or Residence Permit, that person is free to obtain Liberian Voter Registration Card. For true?That is contrary to what National Elections Commission Chairman Jerome Korkoya told the Daily Observer when contacted yesterday on Correspondent Yeahwon’s report.Chairman Korkoya said he was not surprised by the swift action by LIS security officers,  “because LIS Commissioner Lemuel Reeves is a good man who has always been fully cooperating with us and bringing to book those foreigners who attempt to violate our election laws.”Chairman Korkoya said he had not yet seen yesterday’s Observer story but would get to it as soon as he was through with several meetings.The Daily Observer also contacted LIS Commissioner Reeves to find out whether he had seen our story yesterday.We further inquired as to whether or not the LIS security officer was accurate in stating that the three foreigners caught with Liberian VRCs “would be free to go if they were legal residents in Liberia.”Commissioner Reeves immediately cried “No, the security officer made a mistake. A foreign resident in possession of a Liberian Voter Registration Card is in violation of Liberia’s Alien and Naturalization Law and is, if found guilty, subject to three years imprisonment and a US$5000 fine. The offense is that he or she is impersonating as a Liberian citizen. No foreign resident has any business carrying a Liberian Voter Registration Card.”Commissioner Reeves further told this newspaper, “It is no longer business as usual at LIS.  We are on top of our game. In fact, we have sent some 200 such cases to NEC and are prepared to do more if we are given the encouragement.”We call on Law Enforcement Agencies, particularly the Liberia National Police (LNP), the Ministry of Justice (MOJ), National Security Advisor H. Boima Fahnbulleh and the entire Joint Security Commission to become even more vigilant and encourage each of our security agencies to work closely with LIS to ensure that no foreigner will be able to infiltrate successfully our voting procedures in this election season or at any other time.But more immediately, the LNP, backed by the Justice Ministry and the Judiciary, are called to act swiftly to bring to justice the three foreigners caught in Gbarpolu and all such others that have already been forwarded to NEC. They must all be immediately prosecuted.Liberia must stop being a country where anyone can enter and violate our laws with impunity.Most particularly, we run the risk of encouraging electoral anarchy and confusion and even instability should we allow foreigners to interfere in our voting process.This should NEVER be allowed to happen.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

An alloptical neural network on a single chip

first_imgA team of researchers from the University of Münster, the University of Oxford and the University of Exeter has built an all-optical neural network on a single chip. In their paper published in the journal Nature, the group describes their chip, which has no optical-to-electronic conversions, and how well it worked. Geoffrey Burr with IBM Research – Almaden has published a News and Views piece discussing the work by the team in the same journal issue. More information: J. Feldmann et al. All-optical spiking neurosynaptic networks with self-learning capabilities, Nature (2019). DOI: 10.1038/s41586-019-1157-8Press release Modern computers run on electricity—it powers devices and serves as a storage and data medium. But for several decades, scientists have wondered if it might be possible to use light as the data medium—crunching photons instead of electrons. Engineers have many hurdles in attempting to create such a device, however, most prominently the bottlenecks that arise when converting between optical and electrical systems. In more recent times, there has been a renewed interest in building an optically based computer—but now, the focus is energy conservation. Big modern computers used for heavy-duty applications require a lot of electricity. Logic suggests that computers based on light should be less energy intensive, most particularly because they would not generate as much heat, making cooling systems obsolete. In this new effort, the researchers have taken a step toward the creation of optically based computers by building an all-optical neural network on a single chip.The researchers noted that one type of computer system seemed most amenable to optics—deep neural networks. This is because such networks rely on artificial neurons with synaptic connections that can be weighted based on past learning experiences. They noted also that crystalline phase change materials could also serve such a purpose. They are materials that experience a change in structure when heated—in this case, by a laser. Using such a material, the team built a chip with four neurons connected with 60 synapses using waveguides to control the flow of information represented by light. Testing showed the chip was capable of learning, recognizing patterns and performing computations. Explore further Citation: An all-optical neural network on a single chip (2019, May 9) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-05-all-optical-neural-network-chip.html Light-based computer hardware that can compete with siliconcenter_img Journal information: Nature This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. All-optical spiking neuronal circuits. a, b, Schematic of the network realized in this study, consisting of several pre-synaptic input neurons and one post-synaptic output neuron connected via PCM synapses. The input spikes are weighted using PCM cells and summed up using a WDM multiplexer (MUX). If the integrated power of the postsynaptic spikes surpasses a certain threshold, the PCM cell on the ring resonator switches and an output pulse (neuronal spike) is generated. c, Photonic circuit diagram of an integrated optical neuron with symbol block shown in the inset (top right). Several of these blocks can be connected to larger networks using the wavelength inputs and outputs. d, Optical micrograph of three fabricated neurons (B5, D1 and D2), showing four input ports. The four small ring resonators on the left are used to couple light of different wavelengths from the inputs to a single waveguide, which then leads to the PCM cell at the crossing point with the large ring. The triangular structures on the bottom are grating couplers used to couple light onto and off the chip. Credit: Nature (2019). DOI: 10.1038/s41586-019-1157-8 © 2019 Science X Networklast_img read more